Copyright means the right of the creator of a work of art to determine how that work is used and to be credited as the creator of the work.
Copyright is based on national law and international treaties. In Finland, copyright remains in force for 70 years after the year of the author’s death. Copyright violations are punishable under Finnish law.
Works of art include compositions, books, magazines, paintings, drawings, dance performances, etc. A work of art is an original and independent outcome of creative work, but no quality criteria are applied. The Copyright Act also protects performances, audio recordings, video recordings and photographs of the work of art.
A work of art must have a form. Ideas, plot, information, principles and concepts fall outside copyright protection.
Financial and moral rights
The author’s financial rights include manufacturing copies of the work (printing, duplicating, copying, mechanical reproduction) and making the work publicly available (performance, display, distribution and provision).
Moral rights include the right to be acknowledged as the author (the author’s name must be mentioned in connection with use of the work in line with good practice) and respect right (others do not have permission to modify the work in a manner that violates its artistic value).
A good, independent source of information on copyright issues is the website of the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Teosto and music copyright
Using a work – its copying, distribution, public performance or mechanical reproduction as an audio recording, video or movie – requires the permission of its author. All performances outside the private circle of family and friends are considered public performances.
A licence to use a work usually comes with a price. The operating principle and market position of work of arts is based on the selling of licences and the collection of performing rights royalties for music authors and publishers.
Teosto also distributes the royalties for use abroad, received from Teosto’s sister organisations, to Finnish music authors. In addition to these, Teosto’s international partnership network includes the International Confederation of Authors and Composers Societies (Cisac) and theEuropean Grouping of Societies of Authors and Composers (Gesac).
Teosto is a member of the Copyright Council, appointed by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
In Finland, Teosto works in partnership with other domestic rightholders under the Lyhty project and Copyright Information and Anti-Piracy Centre.